Gender and Capitalist Development in Mexico, 1840-1980
This panel builds on the work of Tutino and other historians to explore how gender's centrality to the development of industrial capitalism in Mexico. Walker’s paper looks at nineteenth-century debtor’s courts to examine how common people, especially women, understood their position in the emerging capitalist system. Gauss’s paper examines the intersections of gender, race, capitalism, and nationalism as the beer industry sought to develop a new mass market for a seemingly foreign product and how government policies implemented to help the beer industry actually created uneven economic development. Finally, Sanders’s paper will look at the larger issues of economic development theory. Sanders will explore the gendered facets of modernization theory and dependency theory and argue that gender did in fact play a crucial role in the way that the Mexican economy was structured in the twentieth century although economic developmet experts at the time would not have recognized it.
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